Article 2 Democratic State Based on the Rule of Law
2. The Republic of Angola shall promote and defend the basic human rights and freedoms of individuals and members of organised social groups and shall ensure respect for them and guarantee their implementation through the legislative, executive and judicial powers, their organs and institutions, and on the part of all individuals and corporate bodies.
Article 21 Fundamental Tasks of the State
The fundamental tasks of the Angolan state shall be:
b.To ensure fundamental rights, freedoms and guarantees;
c.To gradually create the necessary conditions required to effectively implement the economic, social and cultural rights of citizens;
Article 26 Scope of Fundamental Rights
1. The fundamental rights established in this Constitution shall not exclude others contained in the laws and applicable rules of international law.
2. Constitutional and legal precepts relating to fundamental rights must be interpreted and incorporated in accordance with the Universal Declaration of the Rights of Man, the African Charter on the Rights of Man and Peoples and international treaties on the subject ratified by the Republic of Angola.
3. In any consideration by the Angolan courts of disputes concerning fundamental rights , the international instruments referred to in the previous point shall be applied, even if not invoked by the parties concerned.
Article 31 Right to Personal Integrity
1. The moral, intellectual and physical integrity of individuals shall be inviolable.
2. The state shall respect and protect the human person and human dignity.
Article 36 Right to Physical Freedom and Personal Security
1. Everyone shall have the right to physical freedom and individual security.
2. No-one may be deprived of their freedom, except in cases prescribed by the Constitution and the law.
3. The right to physical freedom and individual security shall also involve:
a.The right not to be subjected to any form of violence by public or private entities;
b.The right not to be tortured or treated or punished in a cruel, inhumane or degrading manner;
c.The right to fully enjoy physical and mental integrity;
d.The right to protection and control over one's own body;
e.The right not to be submitted to medical or scientific experiments without prior informed and duly justified consent.
Article 60 Ban on Torture and Degrading Treatment
No-one shall be subjected to torture, forced labour or cruel, degrading or inhuman treatment.
Article 61 Repugnant and Violent Crimes
The following shall be imprescriptible and ineligible for amnesty or provisional release, through the application of coercive measures:
a.Genocide and crimes against humanity, as stipulated in law;
b.Crimes stipulated as such in law.
Article 64 Deprivation of Freedom
1.Deprivation of freedom shall only be permitted in cases and under the conditions determined by law.
Article 76 Right to Work
1.Work shall be the right and duty of all.
2.Every worker shall have the right to vocational training, fair pay, rest days, holidays, protection, and workplace health and safety, in accordance with the law.
3. In order to ensure the right to work, the state shall be charged with promoting:
a.The implementation of policies to generate work;
b.Equal opportunities in the choice of profession or type of work and conditions which prevent preclusion or limitation due to any form of discrimination;
c.Academic training and scientific and technological development, as well as vocational development for workers.
4. Dismissal without fair cause shall be illegal and employers shall be obliged to pay just compensation for workers who have been dismissed, under the terms of the law.
Article 175. Abduction
Any person who, by means of violence, threat or cunning, kidnaps another person, transferring them from one place to another, with the intention of:
a) Enslaving them;
b) Extorting them;
c) Committing a crime against their sexual self-determination;
d) Obtaining ransom or reward,
shall be punished with a prison sentence of between one and five years. The penalty shall be imprisonment for a term of three to ten, four to twelve or five to fifteen years, if any of the situations described in paragraphs 2, 3 or 4 of article 2 occurs respectively.
Article 177. Slavery
Article 178. Trafficking in persons.
Article 189. Panderism
Asticle 190. Sexual trafficking
Whoever, by using violence, threat, trickery, fraudulent manoeuvre, or taking advantage of any relationship of dependency or situation of particular vulnerability of a person, induces or constrains the practice of prostitution in a foreign country or favours such practice, by transporting, sheltering or accepting such person, shall be punished by a maximum imprisonment of 2 to 10 years
Article 195. Panderism of minors
Article 196. Child trafficking
Article 382. Crimes against humanity
Any person who, within the framework of a generalised or systematic attack against a population, or within the context of an internal or international armed conflict, or during the military occupation of a state, territory or part thereof, commits the following acts against protected persons, shall be punished by imprisonment of between 3 and 20 years, unless a heavier penalty is imposed under another legal provision
(a) Murder with intent;
Article 383. Definitions
For the purposes of the previous article, it is considered:
(c) "Slavery" means the exercise of a power in the form of ownership or possession over a person or group of persons, including the exercise of such power in the course of trafficking in persons
(f) "Sexual Slavery" means the exercise of a power inherent in or associated with the right of ownership over one or more persons, who are compelled by a person who has such power to engage in one or more acts of a sexual nature
(g) "Forced Prostitution" means the performance of one or more acts of a sexual nature by one or more persons against or without their will, for financial or other advantage to the perpetrator or to another person;
The 2014 Law on the Criminalization of Infractions Surrounding Money Laundering criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking. Article 18 criminalized slavery and servitude, as well as the buying and selling of a child under 14 years of age for adoption or for slavery, with a penalty of seven to 15 years’ imprisonment. Article 19 criminalized the trafficking of adults and children for the purpose of sexual exploitation, forced labor or trafficking in organs and prescribed penalties of eight to 12 years’ imprisonment. Article 20 criminalized enticing or forcing a person to practice prostitution in a foreign country, with a penalty of two to 10 years’ imprisonment. Article 21 criminalized pimping using force, fraud, or coercion of adults and prescribed penalties of one to 6 years’ imprisonment. Article 22 criminalized “pimping of minors” under the age of 18 and prescribed penalties of two to 10 years’ imprisonment; if force, fraud or coercion was ANGOLA used or the child was less than 14 years old, the penalties were increased to five to 12 years’ imprisonment. Article 23 made it a crime to entice children to engage in prostitution in a foreign country, with sentences of three to 12 years’ imprisonment; with force, fraud or coercion, the sentence was increased to three to 15 years’ imprisonment.
In February 2014, the government amended the 1886 penal code to prohibit all forms of trafficking in persons, proscribing penalties of eight to 12 years’ imprisonment—penalties that are both sufficiently stringent and commensurate with those proscribed for other serious crimes. Article 19 criminalizes the act of delivering, enticing, accepting, transporting, housing, or keeping of persons for the purposes of sexual exploitation, forced labor, or trafficking of organs, including by force, fraud, or coercion. Article 19 also makes the enticement, transport, or housing of a child for such purposes by any means a trafficking offense; in keeping with international law, it does not require the use of fraud, force, or coercion to prove a trafficking case when a child is the victim. This provision would appear, however, to overlap with Article 22, pimping of minors, which provides a lower penalty of two to 10 years’ imprisonment for promoting, encouraging, or facilitating the exercise of the prostitution of children, with enhanced penalties for the use of force, threat, or fraud of five to 12 years’ imprisonment. Slavery and servitude are separately criminalized in Article 18 with sentences of seven to 12 years’ imprisonment.
Article 96 Length of working time
1.Except as otherwise provided by law, the normal period of work shall not exceed the following limits:
(a) 44 hours per week
(b) 8 hours per day
2.The normal period of work per week may be extended up to 54 hours where the employer adopts shift work patterns or modulated or flexible hours, where a recovery schedule is in effect or where the work is intermittent or simply requires presence.
Article 97 Rest periods
The normal daily working time must be interrupted by a rest and meal break of not less than one hour and not exceeding two hours, such that workers do not work for more than five hours of normal working time consecutively.
2. To the extent possible unless otherwise agreed with the workers’ representative organization, the interval shall be one hour if there is a canteen in the workplace which can provide meals to the workers, or otherwise two hours.