Costa Rica

Region
Latin America and Caribbean
Regional Court
Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Regional Organisations
Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Organisation of American States
Legal System
Civil
International Obligations
Slavery
Servitude
Forced Labour
Human Trafficking

International Instruments

1926 Slavery Convention
Not Party
1953 Protocol to the Slavery Convention
Not Party
1956 Supplementary Slavery Convention
Not Party
1966 ICCPR
29 November 1968
1930 Forced Labour Convention
02 June 1960
2014 Protocol to the 1930 Forced Labour Convention
Not Party
1957 Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
04 May 1959
1999 Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
10 September 2001
2000 Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons
09 September 2003
1998 Rome Statute of the ICC
07 June 2001

Summary of Domestic Prohibition

Slavery and Slave Trade
Practices Similar to Slavery
Servitude
Forced or Compulsory Labour
Human Trafficking
Provisions related to slavery are found in the Constitution at article 20 which declares that ‘every person is free in the Republic; whoever is under the protection of its laws may not be a slave’. Slavery may also form an element of trafficking in persons, prohibited under article 172 of the Penal Code.    
There appears to be no legislation in place in Costa Rica which prohibits institutions and practices similar to slavery, although practices similar to slavery, servile marriage, and illegal adoption amay form elements of trafficking in persons under article 172 of the Penal Code. 
There appears to be no legislation in place in Costa Rica which prohibits servitude, although sexual servitude is prohibited as an element of trafficking in persons under article 172 of the Penal Code.
There appears to be no legislation in place in Costa Rica which prohibits forced labour, although labour exploitation (inducing, maintaining or subjecting a person to work or services that seriously undermines fundamental human rights) is prohibited under article 189 bis of the Penal Code. Forced labour is also prohibited when committed as an element of trafficking in persons under article 172 of the Penal Code.    
Provisions related to trafficking in persons are found in the Penal Code at article 172 and in Law 9095 Against Trafficking in Persons. Trafficking of minors is also prohibited at article 376 of the Penal Code

Legislative Provisions

THE CONSTITUTION OF COSTA RICA 1949 (REV. 2011)

PENAL CODE (INCLUDING AMENDMENTS UNDER LAW 9095 AGAINST TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS 2012)

LAW 9095 AGAINST TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS 2012

PENAL CODE (2018 AMENDMENT)

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