Fiji

Region
Asia-Pacific
Regional Court
Not party to a court
Regional Organisations
Commonwealth
Bali Process
Legal System
Common
International Obligations
Slavery
Servitude
Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery
Forced Labour
Human Trafficking

International Instruments

1926 Slavery Convention
12 June 1972
1953 Protocol to the Slavery Convention
12 June 1972
1956 Supplementary Slavery Convention
12 June 1972
1966 ICCPR
16 August 2018
1930 Forced Labour Convention
19 April 1974
2014 Protocol to the 1930 Forced Labour Convention
Not Party
1957 Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
19 April 1974
1999 Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
17 April 2002
2000 Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons
19 September 2017
1998 Rome Statute of the ICC
29 November 1999

Summary of Domestic Prohibition

Slavery and Slave Trade
Practices Similar to Slavery
Servitude
Forced or Compulsory Labour
Human Trafficking
Provisions related to slavery are found in the Constitution at article 24(1) which prohibits slavery and the Penal Code at section 252 which prohibits kidnapping or abducting in order to subject a person to, or put in danger of being subjected to slavery. Slavery may also form an element of an offence of trafficking under the 2003 Fiji Islands Immigration Act.
There appears to be no legislation in place in Fiji which prohibits institutions and practices similar to slavery, although the 2009 Crimes Decree criminalises debt bondage, and practices similar to slavery may form element of an offence of trafficking under the Immigration Act.
Provisions related to servitude are found in the Constitution at article 24(1) which prohibits servitude. Servitude may also form an element of an offence of trafficking under the Immigration Act.
Provisions related to forced labour are found in the Constitution at article 24(1) which prohibits forced labour, and the Fiji Islands Immigration Act which makes trafficking in persons an offence and defines ‘exploitation’ to include forced labour or services.
Provisions related to trafficking in persons are found in the 2009 Crimes Decree which criminalises trafficking in persons internationally (article 112) and domestically (article 115) and trafficking in children internationally (article 114) and domestically (article 117), although each of these offences requires transportation. The 2003 Fiji Islands Immigration Act also prohibits trafficking at article 19, although this offence requires entry into Fiji or any other State.

Legislative Provisions

CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE FIJI ISLANDS

PENAL CODE

CRIMES DECREE 2009

FIJI ISLANDS IMMIGRATION ACT 2003

MARRIAGE ACT 1978

EMPLOYMENT ACT

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