The President of the Republic concludes treaties with other States. Unless approved by Althingi, he may not make such treaties if they entail renouncement of, or servitude on, territory or territorial waters, or if they require changes in the State system.
Every person lawfully residing in Iceland shall be free to choose his residence and shall enjoy freedom of travel subject to any limitations laid down by law.
No one may be deprived of his liberty except as permitted by law.
Any person deprived of his liberty without valid reason shall have a right to compensation.
No one may be subjected to torture or any other inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
No one shall be required to perform compulsory labour.
Everyone is free to pursue the occupation of his choosing. This right may however be restricted by law, if such restriction is required with regard to the public interest.
The right of people to negotiate terms of employment and other labour-related matters shall be regulated by law.
In case a person force another one to do, suffer or omit something by exerting physical violence or threatening to expose himself/herself or his/her next-of-kin to physical violence or the deprivation of freedom or by presenting a false accusation of
him/her or his/her next-of-kin having committed punishable or dishonourable conduct or another such accusation, although this be true and if the compulsion is insufficiently justified on account of the matter at which the threat is aimed or finally by threatening him/her to cause considerable damage or destruction to his/her property, this is subject to fines or imprisonment for up to 2 years.
Anyone depriving another person of his/her freedom shall be subject to imprisonment for up to 4 years.
In case the deprivation of freedom has been committed for the purpose of gain or been of extended duration and also if a person has without authority been admitted to a lunatic asylum, removed to other countries or handed over to people who are not entitled thereto, penalty of imprisonment shall be applied for no less than 1 year and up to 16 years or for life.
Art. 227 a.
Anyone convicted of the following acts, one or more, for the
purpose of sexually using a person or for forced labour or to remove his/her organs shall be punished for human trafficking by up to 12 years’ imprisonment:
The same penalty shall be applied to a person accepting payment or other gain under indent 3 of the first paragraph.
If a violation under the first paragraph is committed against a child, this shall be considered as an aggravating factor when deciding the severity of the punishment.
The same penalty shall be applied to anyone convicted of the following acts, one or more, for the purpose of facilitating human trafficking:
3. Retaining, removing, damaging or destroying the travel or identity documents of another individual.
A man and a woman may marry when they have both attained the age of 18 years. The Ministry of Justice may permit the marriage of younger persons.
Either spouse may claim annulment of his or her marriage:
Action for annulment cannot be brought after six months have passed since the condition described under (1) above abated, since the claimant obtained knowledge of the cause for annulment under (2) or (3) above, or since duress under (4) above ceased. In any case such action cannot be brought when three years have elapsed from the celebration of marriage.