The Social Principles:
The State enacts laws for the protection of the employee and the employer and regulates the relationship between them. Every Citizen has the right to engage in the work of his choice within the limits of the Law. It is not permissible to impose any compulsory work on anyone except by virtue of a law, for rendering a public service, and for a fair remuneration.
Personal freedom is guaranteed according to the Law, and it is not permissible to arrest a person, search, detain, imprison, subject to residence detention, or restrict his freedom of residency or movement except in accordance with the provisions of the Law.
No person shall be subjected to physical or psychological torture, inducement or demeaning treatment. The Law stipulates punishment of whomever commits such acts. Any statement or confession proven to have been obtained under torture, inducement, demeaning treatment, or the threat of any of these acts, shall be deemed void.Oman Constitution
Article 220. Child prostitution
'The penalty of imprisonment from three to five years shall be applied to any person who incites another to carnality or prostitution by the use of coercion, threat or deception. The penalty shall not be less than five years if the victim was below the age of eighteen.'
Article 260. Enslavement
Any one who enslaves a person or puts him in a quasi-slavery status shall be sentenced to imprisonment from five to fifteen years.
Article 261. Trafficking of Slaves
Any one who brings into or out of the Omani territory a human being in a state of slavery, disposes of him, by any means whatsoever, receives him, purchases him or keeps him in a state of slavery shall be sentenced to imprisonment from three to five years.Oman Penal Code 7-78 (English)
Article 3 bis
The employer has no right to impose any form of compulsory or coercive work.
Failure to observe " Article No. 3 [bis]" will result in imprisonment of a maximum of one month and a fine of R.O. 500/- or either of them. The penalty will be doubled in case of recurrence.Oman Labour Law (2012)
In application of the provisions of this law, and unless the context otherwise provides, the following terms and expressions shall have the meaning ascribed thereto hereunder:
The Crime of Trafficking In Persons: Any of the acts cited in Article (2) of this law.
Exploitation: Illegal exploitation of a person to include: prostitution, sexual assault, servitude, forced labor, enslavement, quasi-slavery practices, subjugation, or illegal detachment of organs.
Any individual who intentionally carries out any of the following acts with the purpose of exploitation shall be adjudged as committing the crime of human trafficking:
a) To recruit, transport, harbor, or receive a person by instruments of coercion, threat, deceit, blackmail, or misuse of power, influence, or use of authority on that individual, or by any other illegal instrument, either directly or indirectly.
b) To recruit, transport, harbor, or receive a child even without using the instruments cited in the previous paragraph.
The consent of the victim shall not be a determining factor in any of the following cases:
A- If any of the instruments cited in Article (2/a) of this law is used.
B- If the victim was a child.
C- If the victim was in a circumstances or a personal situation where it was not possible to determine his/her consent or free choice.
Shall be adjudged as a perpetrator any individual who contributed by soliciting, facilitating, or agreeing to commit a human trafficking crime.
Without prejudices to subsidiary or additional punishments, or any other more severe punishment prescribed by the Omani Penal Law, or any other law, crimes cited in this law shall be punished by the stipulated punishments.
Any person found guilty of committing a human trafficking crime shall be sentenced to imprisonment for a minimum term of three years and a maximum term of seven years, and a fine of a minimum amount of five thousand rials and a maximum amount of one hundred thousand rials.
Imprisonment of a minimum term of seven years and a maximum term of fifteen years and a fine of a minimum amount of ten thousand rials and a maximum amount of one hundred thousand rials shall be imposed for the crime of human trafficking in any of the following cases:
A- If the victim was a child or a person with special needs.
B- If the perpetrator carried a weapon.
C- If the crime was committed by more than one person.
D- If the perpetrator was the spouse, parent, grandparent, child, grandchild, or guardian of the victim, or had authority over him/her.
E- If the crime was committed by an organized criminal gang, or if the perpetrator was a member of such a gang.
F- If the perpetrator was a public sector employee or designated to perform a public service and misused the position to commit the crime.
G- If the crime was transnational in nature.
H- If the victim has suffered insanity, AIDS, or any other irreparable psychological or physical disease or injury, as a result of being exploited in a human trafficking crime. The same punishment shall be imposed on anyone found guilty of the formation of, establishment of, organizing, administering, assuming a leading role in, or soliciting members for an organized criminal gang, aimed at committing the crime of human trafficking as its sole objective or as one of its objectives.
Attempting to commit a human trafficking crime shall be punished with the same punishment imposed on the full crime.Oman Trafficking in Persons Law