Afghanistan

Region
Asia-Pacific
Regional Court
Not party to a court
Regional Organisations
Asia Cooperation Dialogue
South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
Bali Process
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
Legal System
Mixed
International Obligations
Slavery
Servitude
Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery
Forced Labour
Human Trafficking

International Instruments

1926 Slavery Convention
09 November 1935
1953 Protocol to the Slavery Convention
16 August 1954
1956 Supplementary Slavery Convention
16 November 1966
1966 ICCPR
24 January 1983
1930 Forced Labour Convention
Not Party
2014 Protocol to the 1930 Forced Labour Convention
Not Party
1957 Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
16 May 1963
1999 Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
07 April 2010
2000 Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons
15 August 2014
1998 Rome Statute of the ICC
10 February 2003

Summary of Domestic Prohibition

Slavery and Slave Trade
Practices Similar to Slavery
Servitude
Forced or Compulsory Labour
Human Trafficking
There appears to be no legislation in place in Afghanistan which prohibits slavery, although the 2009 Law on Elimination of Violence against Women 2009 prohibits the “selling and buying women for the purpose of or under pretext of marriage”.
There appears to be no legislation in place in Afghanistan which prohibits institutions and practices similar to slavery, although the 2009 Law on Elimination of Violence against Women 2009 prohibits the “selling and buying women for the purpose of or under pretext of marriage”.
There appears to be no legislation in place in Afghanistan which prohibits servitude.
Provisions related to forced labour are found in the 2004 Constitution which prohibits forced labour at article 49. Provisions on forced labour are also found in Articles 10 and 79 of the Labour Law of Afghanistan and the Minerals Law of 2005 and 2010 prohibit forced labour.
Provisions related to trafficking in persons are found in the 2017 Law to Combat Crimes of Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling of Migrants which criminalises sex trafficking and labour trafficking. Provisions on sex and labour trafficking are also found in Articles 510 and 511 of the 2018 Criminal Code.

Legislative Provisions

CONSTITUTION OF AFGHANISTAN 2004

PENAL CODE OF AFGHANISTAN

LABOR LAW OF AFGHANISTAN

LAW TO COMBAT CRIMES OF TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS AND SMUGGLING OF MIGRANTS 2017

LAW ON THE CAMPAIGN AGAINST ABDUCTION AND HUMAN TRAFFICKING 2008

MINERALS LAW 2005

LAW ON ELIMINATION OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AFGHANISTAN AUGUST 2009

CRIMINAL CODE 2018

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