Congo (Republic of the)

Region
Africa
Regional Court
African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights
Regional Organisations
African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights
African Union
Legal System
Mixed
International Obligations
Slavery
Servitude
Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery
Forced Labour
Human Trafficking

International Instruments

1926 Slavery Convention
15 October 1962
1953 Protocol to the Slavery Convention
Not Party
1956 Supplementary Slavery Convention
25 August 1977
1966 ICCPR
05 October 1983
1930 Forced Labour Convention
10 November 1960
2014 Protocol to the 1930 Forced Labour Convention
Not Party
1957 Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
26 November 1999
1999 Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
23 August 2002
2000 Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons
Not Party
1998 Rome Statute of the ICC
03 May 2004

Summary of Domestic Prohibition

Slavery and Slave Trade
Practices Similar to Slavery
Servitude
Forced or Compulsory Labour
Human Trafficking
Provisions related to slavery are found in the 2002 Constitution at article 26 which declares that ‘no one shall be subjected to slavery’. Provisions related to child slavery can be found in the 2010 Child Protection Code at article 68 as one of the ‘worst forms of child labour’. The 2019 Law on the Fight against Human Trafficking also prohibits all forms of human exploitation including slavery. 
Provisions related to institutions and practices similar to slavery are found in the Child Protection Code, which prohibits practices similar to slavery, serfdom and debt bondage under article 68, however only in relation to children in the context of the worst forms of child labour. Practices similar to slavery, debt bondage, and serfdom may also form elements of trafficking in persons under article 4 of the 2019 Law on the Fight against Human Trafficking.
There appears to be no legislation in place in the Republic of the Congo which prohibits servitude, although servitude relating to work may form an element of trafficking in persons under article 4 of the 2019 Law on the Fight against Human Trafficking.
Provisions related to forced labour are found in the 2002 Constitution which prohibits forced labour at article 26. Forced labour of children is also prohibited under the ‘worst forms of child labour’ in article 68 of the Child Protection Code.   
Provisions related to trafficking in persons are found in the 2019 Law on the Fight against Human Trafficking which criminalises domestic and transnational trafficking. The Child Protection Code also criminalises trafficking in children at article 60. 

Legislative Provisions

AWAD REPORT

CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF CONGO

PENAL CODE

LAW NO. 22-2019 ON THE FIGHT AGAINST HUMAN TRAFFICKING

LABOUR CODE

THE FAMILY CODE ACT NO.73/84 1984

2010 LOI NO. 4-2010 CHILD PROTECTION CODE

LAW 6/018 SEXUAL VIOLENCE STATUTE

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