Freedom, equal rights, national equality and equality of genders, love of peace, social justice, respect for human rights, inviolability of ownership, conservation of nature and the environment, the rule of law, and a democratic multiparty system are the highest values of the constitutional order of the Republic of Croatia and the ground for interpretation of the Constitution.
During a state of war or an immediate threat to the independence and unity of the State, or in the event of severe natural disasters, individual freedoms and rights guaranteed by the Constitution may be restricted. This shall be decided by the Croatian Parliament by a two-thirds majority of all members or, if the Croatian Parliament is unable to meet, at the proposal of the Government and upon the counter-signature of the Prime Minister, by the President of the Republic.
The extend of such restrictions shall be adequate to the nature of the danger, and may not result in the inequality of persons in respect of race, color, gender, language, religion, national or social origin.
Not even in the case of an immediate threat to the existence of the State may restrictions be imposed on the application of the provisions of this Constitution concerning the right to life, prohibition of torture, cruel or degrading treatment or punishment, on the legal definitions of penal offenses and punishments, or on freedom of thought, conscience and religion.
Freedom and personality of everyone shall be inviolable.
No one shall be deprived of liberty, nor may his liberty be restricted, except upon a court decision in accordance with law.
No one shall be subjected to any form of maltreatment or, without his consent, to medical or scientific experimentation.
Forced and compulsory labor shall be forbidden.
Military service and the defense of the Republic of Croatia shall be the duty of every capable citizen of the Republic of Croatia.
Conscientious objection shall be allowed to all those who for religious or moral reasons are not willing to participate in the performance of military service in the armed forces. Such persons shall be obliged to perform other duties specified by law.
Everyone shall have the right to work and enjoy the freedom of work.
Everyone shall be free to choose his vocation and occupation, and all jobs and duties shall be accessible to everyone under the same conditions.
Every employee shall have the right to a fair remuneration, such as to ensure a free and decent standard of living to him and his family.
Maximum working hours shall be regulated by law.
Every employee shall have the right to a weekly rest and annual holidays with pay, and these rights may not be renounced.
Employees may, in conformity with law, participate in decision- making in the enterprise.
Everyone shall have the duty to protect children and helpless persons.
Children may not be employed before reaching the legally determined age, nor may they be forced or allowed to do work which is harmful to their health or morality.
Young people, mothers and persons with disabilities shall be entitled to special protection at work.
Article 90 Crimes against Humanity
(1) Whoever violates the rules of international law as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population, with knowledge of the attack:
(c) enslave a person so over it performs some or all of the powers attaching to the right of ownership, including the exercise of such powers in human trafficking,
(e) unlawfully confines another person or her otherwise unlawfully restricts his freedom,
(g) raping another person, holding in sexual slavery, forced prostitution, illegally kept in detention of a woman forcibly made pregnant in order to affect the ethnic composition of any population or makes some other grave breaches of international law, to another person without her consent and when it is not justified by medical reasons deprives biological reproductive capacity, or over it commits some other sexual violence of comparable gravity,
(k) commit other inhumane acts of a similar character intentionally causing great suffering, serious bodily injury or serious impairment of health,
shall be punished by imprisonment not less than five years or long-term imprisonment.
(2) The sentence referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article shall be imposed on anyone orders any of the foregoing offenses.
Article 91 War Crimes
(1) Whoever violates the rules of international law in time of war, occupation or international armed conflict or an armed conflict not of an international character commits any of the following serious violations against persons or property protected by the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 .:
(b) torture or inhuman treatment, including biological experiments,
(c) causing great suffering, bodily injury or serious damage to the health of hard,
shall be punished by imprisonment of at least five years or by a life sentence.
(2) Whoever violates the rules of international law in time of war, occupation or international armed conflict or an armed conflict not of an international character commit other serious violations of the laws and customs applicable in international armed conflict or an armed conflict not of an international within the established framework of international law , that is any of the following acts:
(u) outrages upon personal dignity, in particular humiliating and degrading treatment, collective punishment,
(v) sexual oppression, forced prostitution, forced pregnancy, forced sterilization or other sexual violence also constituting a serious breaches,
shall be punished by imprisonment for three years.
(3) The punishment referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article shall be inflicted offense under paragraph 2 of this Article against a large number of people or in a particularly cruel or insidious way, out of greed or other base motives.
(4) If an order to commit the offense referred to in paragraphs 1, 2 or 3 of this Article shall be punished as if he himself had committed.
Article 105 Slavery
(1) Whoever violates the rules of international law, places another in slavery or in a similar status or keeps him in such a status, buys, sells, gives or mediates in the purchase, sale or handing over of such a person or induces someone else to sell his freedom or freedom of the person who is maintained or about her care,
shall be punished by imprisonment for one to ten years.
(2) Whoever transports people who are in slavery or similar relation, shall be punished by imprisonment for six months to five years.
(3) If the offense referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 against a child, shall be punished by imprisonment for three to fifteen years.
Article 106 Trafficking in Human Beings
(1) use of force or threats, deception by fraud, abuse of power or of a position or relationship of dependency, by giving or receiving monetary compensation or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, or otherwise crimp, bandage, , transfers, harbors or receives a person or exchanges or transfers control of the person to take advantage of her work through forced labor or servitude, establishing slavery or similar status, or to its exploitation for prostitution or other forms of sexual exploitation, including pornography or for the conclusion of unauthorized or forced marriage, or in order to take parts of her body, or to its use in armed conflicts or for the perpetration of unlawful actions shall be punished by imprisonment for one to ten years.
(2) The sentence referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article shall be imposed on who recruits, transports, transfers, harbors or receives a child, or exchanges or transfers control of the child to take advantage of his work through forced labor or servitude, establishing slavery or similar status, or for its exploitation for prostitution or other forms of sexual exploitation including pornography or for assembly or unauthorized or forced marriage illegal adoption, or for the taking of the parts of his body, or to its use in armed conflicts.
(3) If the offense referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article is committed against a child, or the criminal offense referred to in paragraph 1 or 2 of this Article committed by an official in the performance of his duties or is committed against a larger number of persons, or the knowingly endangered the life of one or more persons, shall be punished by imprisonment of three to fifteen years.
(4) The punishment referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article shall be imposed on anyone, knowing that the person is a victim of humantrafficking used her services as a result of one of the forms of its exploitation referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article.
(5) Whoever, with intent to facilitate the commission of offenses referred to in paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 of this Article shall maintain, suspend, conceals, damages or destroys a passport or identity document of another person, shall be punished by imprisonment of up to three years.
(6) An attempt of the offense referred to in paragraph 5 of this Article shall be punished.
(7) The consent to the use of a single person on whose damage is trafficking committed no impact on the existence of this criminal offense.
Article 132 Non-payment of Wages
(1) Who does not pay part or all of the wages to one or more workers, shall be punished by imprisonment of up to three years.
(2) The sentence referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article shall be imposed on whoever does not give information or gives inaccurate information to determine salaries and therefore is not paid or paid partially.
(3) The criminal offense referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article when it is to non-payment due to the inability to dispose of funds on account of the employer or the lack of funds in the account of the employer which were not incurred in order to avoid payment of wages.
(4) If the offender referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article subsequently paid arrears of salary, may be released from punishment.
(5) The salary for the purposes of this Article means the basic salary and all other benefits in cash or in kind which the worker receives on the basis of labor, in the gross amount which includes contributions from and on salaries under a special regulation.
Article 136 Unlawful Deprivation of Liberty
(1) Whoever unlawfully imprisons another person, keeps him imprisoned or otherwise restricts or limits the freedom of movement, shall be punished by imprisonment of up to three years.
(2) Whoever unlawfully restricts his freedom in order to him to an action, omission or acquiescence, shall be punished by imprisonment for six months to five years.
(3) If the offense referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article is committed against a child, or the unlawful deprivation of liberty lasts more than fifteen days, or is committed in a cruel manner, or the person who has been illegally deprived of freedom caused serious bodily injury or is committed by officials in the execution of his duty or public authority, shall be punished by imprisonment for one to ten years.
(4) If the offense referred to in paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 of this Article the death of the person unlawfully deprived of liberty, shall be punished by imprisonment of three to fifteen years.
(5) The perpetrator who voluntarily releases the person who has been illegally deprived of freedom before he hit the target in paragraph 2 of this Article, may be released from punishment.
(6) An attempt of the offense referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article shall be punished.
Article 169 Forced Marriage
(1) Whoever coerces another person to marry, shall be punished by imprisonment for six months to five years.
(2) A person who procures a person to another country than the one where the resident to is there forced to marry, shall be punished by imprisonment of up to three years.
Note: prohibits forced labour but provides for an obligation to work in the event of war or direct threat (no text available)
Article 7 Fundamental obligations and rights arising from employment relationship
(1) The employer shall be obliged to ensure work for an employed worker and pay remuneration for the work performed, and the worker shall be obliged to perform the work following the instructions provided by the employer in line with the nature and type of work.
(2) The employer shall be entitled to determine the place and the manner of performing the work, and shall respect the worker's rights and dignity.
(3) The employer shall be obliged to ensure safe working conditions with no detrimental effects to the health of worker, in accordance with a special law and other regulations.
(4) Any direct or indirect discrimination in the area of labour and working conditions shall be prohibited, including the selection criteria and requirements for employment, advance in employment, professional guidance, education, training and retraining, in accordance with this Act and special laws and regulations.
(5) The employer shall be obliged to protect the worker's dignity during the work in case of acts, uncalled for and contrary to this Act and special legal provisions, of superiors, collaborators and persons with whom the worker contacts on a regular basis while performing his tasks.