Section 7 - The right to life, personal liberty and integrity
Everyone has the right to life, personal liberty, integrity and security. No one shall be sentenced to death, tortured or otherwise treated in a manner violating human dignity. The personal integrity of the individual shall not be violated, nor shall anyone be deprived of liberty arbitrarily or without a reason prescribed by an Act. A penalty involving deprivation of liberty may be imposed only by a court of law. The lawfulness of other cases of deprivation of liberty may be submitted for review by a court of law. The rights of individuals deprived of their liberty shall be guaranteed by an Act.
Section 9 - Freedom of movement
Finnish citizens and foreigners legally resident in Finland have the right to freely move within the country and to choose their place of residence. Everyone has the right to leave the country. Limitations on this right may be provided by an Act, if they are necessary for the purpose of safeguarding legal proceedings or for the enforcement of penalties or for the fulfilment of the duty of national defence. Finnish citizens shall not be prevented from entering Finland or deported or extradited or transferred from Finland to another country against their will. However, it may be laid down by an Act that due to a criminal act, for the purpose of legal proceedings, or in order to enforce a decision concerning the custody or care of a child, a Finnish citizen can be extradited or transferred to a country in which his or her human rights and legal protection are guaranteed. (802/2007) The right of foreigners to enter Finland and to remain in the country is regulated by an Act. A foreigner shall not be deported, extradited or returned to another country, if in consequence he or she is in danger of a death sentence, torture or other treatment violating human dignity.
Section 18 - The right to work and the freedom to engage in commercial activity.
Everyone has the right, as provided by an Act, to earn his or her livelihood by the employment, occupation or commercial activity of his or her choice. The public authorities shall take responsibility for the protection of the labour force. The public authorities shall promote employment and work towards guaranteeing for everyone the right to work. Provisions on the right to receive training that promotes employability are laid down by an Act. No one shall be dismissed from employment without a lawful reason.
Section 22 - Protection of basic rights and liberties
The public authorities shall guarantee the observance of basic rights and liberties and human rights.
Chapter 11 – War crimes and crimes against humanity
Section 3 - Crime against humanity
A person who, as part of a broad or systematic assault on civilian population,
(1) kills or enslaves another, subjects him or her to trade by offer, purchase, sale or rent, or tortures him or her, or in another manner causes him or her considerable suffering or a serious injury or seriously harms his or her health or destroys a population by subjecting it or a part thereof to destructive living condition or in another manner,
(4) rapes another, subjects him or her to sexual slavery, forces him or her into prostitution, pregnancy or sterilization or commits other
corresponding aggravated sexual violence against him or her,
shall be sentenced for a crime against humanity to imprisonment for at least one year or for life.
An attempt is punishable.
Section 5 - War crime
(1) A person who in connection with a war or other international or domestic armed conflict or occupation in violation of the Geneva conventions on the amelioration of the condition of the wounded and sick in armed forces in the field, the amelioration of the condition of wounded, sick and shipwrecked members of armed forces at sea, the treatment of prisoners of war or the protection of civilian persons in time of war (Treaties of Finland 8/1955, Geneva conventions) or the additional amendment protocols done in 1949 to the Geneva Conventions, on the protection of victims of international armed conflicts and the protection of victims of non-international armed conflicts (Treaties of Finland 82/1980, I and II protocols) or other rules and customs of international law on war, armed conflict of occupation,
(2) rapes another, subjects him or her to sexual slavery, forces him or her into prostitution, pregnancy or sterilization or commits other corresponding aggravated sexual violence against him or her.
shall be sentenced for a war crime to imprisonment for at least one year or for life.
(3) An attempt is punishable.
Chapter 25 - Offences against personal liberty (578/1995)
Section 1 - Deprivation of personal liberty (578/1995)
A person who by confinement, bondage, transportation or otherwise unlawfully prevents another from moving or isolates him or her shall be sentenced for deprivation of personal liberty to a fine or to imprisonment for at most two years.
Section 2 - Aggravated deprivation of personal liberty (578/1995)
If in the deprivation of personal liberty (1) the loss of personal liberty lasts for longer than 72 hours, (2) a serious danger is caused to the life or health of another, or (3) exceptional cruelty or the threat of severe violence is used and the deprivation of personal liberty is aggravated also when assessed as a whole, the offender shall be sentenced for aggravated deprivation of personal liberty to imprisonment for at least four months and at most four years.
Section 3 - Trafficking in human beings (650/2004)
(1) A person who
(1) by abusing the dependent status or vulnerable state of another person,
(2) by deceiving another person or by abusing a mistake made by that person,
(3) by paying remuneration to a person who has control over another person, or
(4) by accepting such remuneration
takes control over another person, recruits, transfers, transports, receives or harbours another person for purposes of sexual abuse referred to in chapter 20, section 9, sub
section 1(1) or comparable sexual abuse, forced labour or other demeaning circumstances or removal of bodily organs or tissues for financial benefit shall be sentenced for trafficking in human beings to imprisonment for at least four months and at most six years.
(2) Also a person who takes control over another person under 18 years of age or recruits, transfers, transports, receives or harbours that person for the purposes mentioned in sub section 1 shall be sentenced for trafficking in human beings even if none of the means referred to in sub section 1(1) – (4) have been used.
(3) An attempt is punishable.
Section 3a - Aggravated trafficking in human beings (650/2004)
(1) If, in trafficking in human beings, (1) violence, threats or deceitfulness is used instead of or in addition to the means referred to in section 3.
(2) grievous bodily harm, a serious illness or a state of mortal danger or comparable particularly grave suffering is intentionally or through gross negligence inflicted on another person,
(3) the offence has been committed against a child younger than 18 years of age or against a person whose capacity to defend himself or herself has been substantially diminished, or
(4) the offence has been committed within the framework of a criminal organisation referred to in chapter 17, section 1a, sub
section 4 and the offence is aggravated also when considered as whole, the offender shall be sentenced for aggravated trafficking in human beings to imprisonment for at least two years and at most ten years. (2) Also, a person who enslaves or keeps another person in servitude, transports or trades in slaves shall be sentenced for aggravated trafficking in human beings if the act is aggravated when assessed as whole. (3) An attempt is punishable.
Section 3(b) – Unlawful obtaining of consent to adoption (28/2012)
A person who by
(1) promising or providing compensation or
(2) misleading or utilization of an error
gets another to give the consent referred to in section 10, subsection 1, section 11, subsection 1 or section 13, subsection 3 of the Adoption Act to adoption of a child under the age of eighteen, shall be sentenced for unlawful obtaining of consent to adoption to a fine or to imprisonment for at most two years.
(2) An attempt is punishable.
Section 3(c) – Unlawful arrangement of adoption (28/2012)
(1) If a person other than the one with care and custody of the child or a person other than the provider of adoption advice referred to in section 22 of the Adoption Act or the service provider referred to in section 32 of the Adoption Act places a child under the age of eighteen years with the intent of adoption in a private home to be raised or in another manner arranges for the possibility than someone else adopts the child, he or she shall be sentenced for unlawful arrangement of adoption to a fine or to imprisonment for at most one year.
(2) Also a person who publicly or otherwise among the public circulates an offer to place a child for adoption or takes a child in his or her care with intent of adoption shall also be sentenced for unlawful arrangement of adoption.
Section 8 - Coercion (578/1995)
A person who unlawfully by violence or threat forces another to do, endure or omit to do something shall be sentenced, unless a more severe penalty for the act is provided elsewhere in the law, for coercion to a fine or to imprisonment for at most two years.
Section 10 – Corporate criminal liability (650/2005)
The provisions laid down on corporate criminal liability apply to trafficking in human beings and aggravated trafficking in human beings.