Germany

Region
Western Europe and Others
Regional Court
European Court of Human Rights
Regional Organisations
European Court of Human Rights
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development
Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe
European Union
Council of Europe
Legal System
Civil
International Obligations
Slavery
Servitude
Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery
Forced Labour
Human Trafficking

International Instruments

1926 Slavery Convention
12 March 1929
1953 Protocol to the Slavery Convention
29 May 1973
1956 Supplementary Slavery Convention
14 January 1959
1966 ICCPR
17 December 1973
1930 Forced Labour Convention
13 June 1952
2014 Protocol to the 1930 Forced Labour Convention
19 June 2019
1957 Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
22 June 1959
1999 Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
18 April 2002
2000 Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons
14 June 2006
1998 Rome Statute of the ICC
11 December 2000

Summary of Domestic Prohibition

Slavery and Slave Trade
Practices Similar to Slavery
Servitude
Forced or Compulsory Labour
Human Trafficking
Provisions related to slavery are found in the Criminal Code, which makes subjecting a person under twenty-one years of age to slavery an offence under section 233.
There appears to be no legislation in place in Germany which prohibits institutions and practices similar to slavery, although the Criminal Code makes subjecting a person under twenty-one years of age to bonded labour an offence under section 233. Forced marriage is also criminalised under section 237.
Provisions related to servitude are found in the Criminal Code, which makes subjecting a person under twenty-one years of age to servitude an offence under section 233.
Provisions related to forced labour are found in the Constitution which, under article 12, allows forced labour only when imposed by the judgement of a court or within the framework of a traditional duty of community service applying generally and equally.
Provisions related to trafficking in persons are found in the Criminal Code which criminalises trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation (section 232) and labour exploitation (section 233), assisting in human trafficking (section 233A), and child trafficking (section 236). Section 233 only applies in situations where the victim is ‘in a foreign country’ or under the age of twenty-one.

Legislative Provisions

BASIC LAW FOR THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY 1949 (AMENDMENTS THROUGH 2014)

CRIMINAL CODE

ACT TO INTRODUCE THE CODE OF CRIMES AGAINST INTERNATIONAL LAW (2002)

GERMAN CIVIL CODE

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