The dignity, life, property, rights, residence, and occupation of the individual are inviolate, except in cases sanctioned by law.
Every person is entitled to choose the employment he wishes, so long as it is not contrary to Islam or the public interest or the rights of others. The Government is bound, with due regard for the needs of society for a variety of employment for all men, to create the possibility of employment, and equal opportunities for obtaining it.
The economy of the Islamic Republic of Iran, with its objectives of achieving the economic independence of the society, uprooting poverty and deprivation, and fulfilling human needs in the process of development while preserving human liberty, is. based on the following criteria:
1. the provision of basic necessities for all citizens: housing, food, clothing, hygiene, medical treatment, education, and the necessary facilities for the establishment of a family;
2. ensuring conditions and opportunities of employment for everyone, with a view to attaining full employment; placing the means of work at the disposal of everyone who is able to work but lacks the means, in the form of cooperatives, through granting interest-free loans or recourse to any other legitimate means that neither results in the concentration or circulation of wealth in the hands of a few individuals or groups, nor turns the government into a major absolute employer. These steps must be taken with due regard for the requirements governing the general economic planning of the country at each stage of its growth;
3. the plan for the national economy, must be structured in such a manner that the form, content, and hours of work of every individual will allow him sufficient leisure and energy to engage, beyond his professional endeavor, in intellectual, political, and social activities leading to all-round development of his self, to take active part in leading the affairs of the country, improve his skills, and to make full use of his creativity;
4. respect for the right to choose freely one's occupation; refraining from compelling anyone to engage in a particular job; and preventing the exploitation of another's labor;
5. the prohibition of infliction of harm and loss upon others, monopoly, hoarding, usury, and other illegitimate and evil practices;
6. the prohibition of extravagance and wastefulness in all matters related to the economy, including consumption, investment, production, distribution, and services;
7. the utilization of science and technology, and the training of skilled personnel in accordance with the developmental needs of the country's economy;
8. prevention of foreign economic domination over the country's economy;
9. emphasis on increase of agricultural, livestock, and industrial production in order to satisfy public needs and to make the country self sufficient and free from dependence.
Under sections 43(4), 2(6) and 19, 20 and 28 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, it is prohibited to force a person to perform work against his will or to exploit others; Iranians, whatever their tribe or ethnic group, enjoy the same rights; skin colour, race, language and the like do not constitute any privilege or distinction; all individuals, whether men or women, are entitled to the same protection of the law; and every person has the right to freely choose an occupation, provided that such occupation is not inconsistent with Islamic principles or the public interests and does not violate other peoples' rights.
The Supreme Labour Council shall be responsible every year for fixing minimum wages for the various regions of the country according to the sectors of industry, with regard to the following criteria:
(1) The minimum wage of workers shall be fixed taking account of the rate of inflation announced by the Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran;
(2) Regardless of the physical and intellectual abilities of workers and the characteristics of the work assigned, the minimum wage shall be sufficient to meet the living expenses of a family, whose average number of members shall be specified by the appropriate authorities.
Note. No employer shall pay any worker a wage which is less than the fixed minimum wage for work performed during statutory hours of work. In the event of a violation of this rule, the employer must pay the difference between the wage paid and the most recent minimum wage.
In accordance with section 6 of this Code, all forms of forced labour shall be prohibited. Any person who commits an offence on that account shall, with due regard to his situation and means and to the degree of the offence, be subject to a term of imprisonment ranging from 91 days to one year and to a fine of between 50 and 200 times the minimum daily wage, in addition to the payment of fair remuneration for work completed and compensation for damages. Where several persons, jointly or on behalf of an organisation, cause a person to perform forced labour, each offender shall be subject to the penalties prescribed above and shall be jointly subject to payment of fair remuneration, unless the person who caused the offence to be committed is superior to an overseer, in which case such person shall be held personally responsible. Note. Where several persons are collectively made to perform forced labour, the offender shall, with due regard to his situation and means and to the degree of the offence, be subject to the maximum penalty provided for in this section in addition to payment of fair remuneration.Iran Labour Code
Human trafficking is
A- The departure or entry or transit of an individual or people in groups through countries’ borders by coercion, force, deception, intimidation, or by misuse of power or position with the aim of sexual exploitation, organ harvesting, involuntary servitude, or marriage
B- Taking over or transferring or hiding or providing the means of concealment of the person or persons subject to paragraph (a) of this article after crossing the border for the same purpose
The following acts are considered as "human trafficking"
A- The formation or administration of a group or group whose purpose is to carry out the affairs referred to in Article (1)
B- Passing (exporting or importing or transit), authorized or unauthorized transportation or transfer organized person or persons for prostitution or other purposes subject to Article (1) of this law, even if consent
C- Passing (importing or importing or transit), unauthorized transportation or transfer of persons with the intention of prostitution, even if it is with their consent
If the perpetrator commits "human trafficking" from the examples in the Islamic Penal Code they will be in accordance with the penalties provided for in the law and otherwise imprisoned from two to ten years and payment of a fine equal to twice the funds or property resulting from the offense or funds and property promised by the victim or a third party to pay the perpetrator is condemned
Note 1 - If the trafficked person is less than eighteen years old and commits the act is not an example of moharebeh and corruption on earth, commits the maximum punishment prescribed
Note 2 - A person who starts committing crimes subject to this law, but the result is the purpose. If he does not fulfill his will, he will be sentenced to six months to two years in prison
Note 3 - Punishment of the deputy for the crime of "human trafficking" in the amount of two to five years of imprisonment
The case as well as a fine equivalent to the funds or property resulting from the offense or the funds and property.
The victim or a third party has promised to pay the perpetrator.
In order to prevent slavery and institutions or practices similar to slavery as defined in the United Nations questionnaire, and with a view to eliminating it within the country, the Parliament of Iran approved in the Hejra year 1307 (1928), an Act in the following terms:
“Sole article. In Iran no person shall be deemed to be a slave, and any slave, immediately upon entering Iranian territory or Iranian territorial waters, shall become free. Any person who engages in traffic in human being as a slave, commits an act ascribable to ownership of him or her, or acts as an agent in the trading and transport of a slave, shall be sentenced to correctional imprisonment for a term from one to three years…”
(1) In accordance with the above Act, any person engaging in traffic in a human being as a slave, committing any act ascribable to ownership of him or her or acting as an agent in the trading and transport of a slave, will be sentenced to correctional imprisonment for a term from one to three years.
(a) Ownership of a slave, and the commission of any act ascribable to ownership of a human being are criminal offences. The punishment applicable is the same as that mentioned above.
(b) Under Iranian law, any act ascribable to ownership of a human being is a crime; to enslave another person or to place him in servile status is also, therefore, a crime. The punishment applicable is the same as that mentioned above
(c) Since Iranian law treats slavery as a crim, it makes no mention of inducing another person to place himself, or a person dependent upon him, in slavery.
Article 1 –
All persons who have not reached the age of eighteen years of full Hijri from support benefit from the law mentioned in this law
Article 3 –
Any purchase, sale, exploitation and employment of children in order to commit subsequent acts, such as smuggling, prohibited and, as the case may be, in addition to compensation for damages for six months up to one year in prison or a fine of ten million (10 000 000) rials to twenty million (20,000,000) rials will be sentenced.