Maldives

Region
Asia-Pacific
Regional Court
Not party to a court
Regional Organisations
South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
Bali Process
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
Legal System
Religious
International Obligations
Slavery
Servitude
Forced Labour
Human Trafficking

International Instruments

1926 Slavery Convention
Not Party
1953 Protocol to the Slavery Convention
Not Party
1956 Supplementary Slavery Convention
Not Party
1966 ICCPR
19 September 2006
1930 Forced Labour Convention
04 January 2013
2014 Protocol to the 1930 Forced Labour Convention
Not Party
1957 Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
04 January 2013
1999 Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
04 January 2013
2000 Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons
14 September 2016
1998 Rome Statute of the ICC
21 September 2011

Summary of Domestic Prohibition

Slavery and Slave Trade
Practices Similar to Slavery
Servitude
Forced or Compulsory Labour
Human Trafficking
Provisions related to slavery are found in the 2008 Constitution which prohibits slavery at article 25. The Penal Code also criminalises unlawful restraint (section 140) and criminal coercion (section 141).
There appears to be no legislation in place in the Maldives which prohibits institutions and practices similar to slavery, although The Family Law of 2001 also sets the minimum age for marriage at 18, although allows exceptions at the discretion of the registrar, and the Prevention of Human Trafficking Act appears to prohibit debt bondage.
Provisions related to servitude are found in the 2008 Constitution which prohibits servitude at article 25.
Provisions related to forced labour are found in the 2008 Constitution which prohibits forced labour at article 25 and the Employment Act which prohibits forced employment, with penalties limited to fines and compensation
Provisions related to trafficking in persons are found in the Prevention of Human Trafficking Act which prohibits many forms of sex and labor trafficking although appears to depart from the definitions established in the Palermo Protocol. Sale of human body parts is also an offence under section 624 of the Penal Code.

Legislative Provisions

CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF MALDIVES 2008

PENAL CODE (LAW NO 6/2014)

EMPLOYMENT ACT

PREVENTION OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING ACT 2013

THE FAMILY LAW 2001

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