Myanmar

Region
Asia-Pacific
Regional Court
Not party to a court
Regional Organisations
Asia Cooperation Dialogue
Bali Process
ASEAN
ASEAN Regional Forum
Legal System
Mixed
International Obligations
Slavery
Forced Labour
Human Trafficking

International Instruments

1926 Slavery Convention
Not Party
1953 Protocol to the Slavery Convention
29 April 1957
1956 Supplementary Slavery Convention
Not Party
1966 ICCPR
Not Party
1930 Forced Labour Convention
04 March 1955
2014 Protocol to the 1930 Forced Labour Convention
Not Party
1957 Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
Not Party
1999 Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
18 December 2013
2000 Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons
30 March 2004
1998 Rome Statute of the ICC
Not Party

Summary of Domestic Prohibition

Slavery and Slave Trade
Practices Similar to Slavery
Servitude
Forced or Compulsory Labour
Human Trafficking
Provisions related to slavery are found in the Constitution at article 358 which prohibits enslaving persons and in the Penal Code at article 370 which prohibits importing, exporting, removing, buying, selling or disposing of a person as a slave and article 367 prohibiting kidnapping or abducting a person in order to subject them to slavery. Article 8 of the Constitution also prohibits the exploitation of ‘man by man’.
There appears to be no legislation in place in Myanmar which prohibits institutions and practices similar to slavery, although article 366 of the Penal Code prohibits kidnapping or abducting any woman to compel her to marriage against her will.
There appears to be no legislation in place in Myanmar which prohibits servitude.
Provisions related to forced labour are found in the Constitution at article 359 which prohibits forced labour and the Penal Code at article 374 which criminalises unlawfully compelling any person to labour against their will.
Provisions related to trafficking in persons are found in the Constitution at article 358 which prohibits trafficking and the 2005 Anti-Trafficking in Persons Law which criminalises trafficking under articles 24 (women and children) and 25 (persons other than women and children).

Legislative Provisions

CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE UNION OF MYANMAR 2008

THE PENAL CODE

THE ANTI TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS LAW 2005

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