Nepal

Region
Asia-Pacific
Regional Court
Not party to a court
Regional Organisations
Asia Cooperation Dialogue
South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
Bali Process
Legal System
Mixed
International Obligations
Slavery
Servitude
Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery
Forced Labour

International Instruments

1926 Slavery Convention
Not Party
1953 Protocol to the Slavery Convention
Not Party
1956 Supplementary Slavery Convention
07 January 1963
1966 ICCPR
14 May 1991
1930 Forced Labour Convention
03 January 2002
2014 Protocol to the 1930 Forced Labour Convention
Not Party
1957 Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
30 August 2007
1999 Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
03 January 2002
2000 Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons
Not Party
1998 Rome Statute of the ICC
Not Party

Summary of Domestic Prohibition

Slavery and Slave Trade
Practices Similar to Slavery
Servitude
Forced or Compulsory Labour
Human Trafficking
Provisions related to slavery are found in the General Code at chapter 11(3) which prohibits making a person a slave and the Human Trafficking and Transportation (Control) Act which criminalises selling or purchasing a person under section 3. Unlawful deprivation of personal liberty and exploitation are also prohibited under articles 17 and 29 of the 2015 Constitution and kidnapping, abducting or taking hostage for the purpose of enslavement is criminalised under chapter 8A, number 3 of the General Code.
There appears to be no legislation in place in Nepal which prohibits institutions and practices similar to slavery, although the Constitution prohibits bonded labour (article 29) and the General Code prohibits making another person a bonded labourer (chapter 11(3)) and forced marriage (chapter 17(7)).
There appears to be no legislation in place in Nepal which prohibits servitude.
Provisions related to forced labour are found in the 2015 Constitution at article 29 which prohibits forced labour except compulsory service for public purposes enacted by law. Kidnapping, abducting or taking hostage for the purpose of compelling to work is also criminalised under chapter 8A, number 3 of the General Code.
Provisions related to trafficking in persons are found in the Human Trafficking and Transportation (Control) Act which criminalises trafficking under section 3, although the definition of trafficking under section 4 does not align with the Palermo Protocol. Human trafficking is also criminalised under chapter 11, number 1 of the General Code although this offence required movement outside Nepal to sell the person.

Legislative Provisions

CONSTITUTION OF NEPAL 2015

NEPAL GENERAL CODE

HUMAN TRAFFICKING AND TRANSPORTATION (CONTROL) ACT, 2064

CHILDREN'S ACT, 2048 (1992)

AWAD REPORT

ENGEN REPORT

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