Pakistan

Region
Asia-Pacific
Regional Court
Not party to a court
Regional Organisations
Commonwealth
Asia Cooperation Dialogue
South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
Bali Process
ASEAN Regional Forum
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
Legal System
Common
International Obligations
Slavery
Servitude
Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery
Forced Labour

International Instruments

1926 Slavery Convention
Not Party
1953 Protocol to the Slavery Convention
Not Party
1956 Supplementary Slavery Convention
20 March 1958
1966 ICCPR
23 June 2010
1930 Forced Labour Convention
23 December 1957
2014 Protocol to the 1930 Forced Labour Convention
Not Party
1957 Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
15 February 1960
1999 Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
11 October 2001
2000 Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons
Not Party
1998 Rome Statute of the ICC
Not Party

Summary of Domestic Prohibition

Slavery and Slave Trade
Practices Similar to Slavery
Servitude
Forced or Compulsory Labour
Human Trafficking
Provisions related to slavery are found in the 1973 Constitution at article 11 which prohibits slavery and article 370 of the 1860 Penal Code which criminalises buying or disposing of a person as a slave (article 370), habitual dealing in slaves (article 371), and kidnapping or abducting to subject to slavery (article 367).
There appears to be no legislation in place in Pakistan which prohibits institutions and practices similar to slavery, although article 365B of the Penal Code prohibits kidnapping or abducting a woman to compel her to marriage. The Child Marriage Restraint Act also prohibits child marriage. The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act 1976 abolishes bonded labour, the bonded labour system, and bonded debt.
There appears to be no legislation in place in Pakistan which prohibits servitude.
Provisions related to forced labour are found in the Constitution at article 11 which prohibits forced labour except as punishment for an offence or as required by law for a public purpose. The Penal Code criminalises compelling a person into unlawful compulsory labour at article 374, and the Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act which prohibits any form of forced labour under section 4.
Provisions related to trafficking in persons are found in the 2018 Prevention of Trafficking in Persons Act which criminalises labour and sex trafficking at article 3.

Legislative Provisions

THE CONTITUTION OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN 1973 (REINST. 2002, REV. 2015)

PAKISTAN PENAL CODE (ACT XLV OF 1860) AS AMENDED

BONDED LABOUR SYSTEM (ABOLITION) ACT 1976

THE PREVENTION OF TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS ACT 2018

PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING ORDINANCE, 2002

AWAD REPORT

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