“Article 545: [Criminal Code] Any person who recruits children under fifteen years of age and causes them to beg, or who permits a child under fifteen years of age who is under his guardianship or has been entrusted to his protection and supervision to beg or to be used by another person for the purpose of begging, shall be subject to light imprisonment for a term of not less than three months and to a light fine of not less than 100 liras.
Article 18 Prohibition of Forced Labour
(1) No one shall be forced to work. Forced labour is prohibited.
(2) Work required of an individual while serving a prison sentence or under detention, services required from citizens during a state of emergency, and physical or intellectual work necessitated by the requirements of the country as a civic obligation do not come under the description of forced labour, provided that the form and conditions of such labour are prescribed by law.
Article 19 Personal Liberty and Security
(1) Everyone has the right to liberty and security of person.
(2) No one shall be deprived of his or her liberty except in the following cases where procedure and conditions are prescribed by law:
Article 48 Freedom to Work and Conclude Contracts
(1) Everyone has the freedom to work and conclude contracts in the field of his/her choice. Establishment of private enterprises is free.
(2) The state shall take measures to ensure that private enterprises operate in accordance with national economic requirements and social objectives and in conditions of security and stability.
Article 49 Right and Duty to Work
(1) Everyone has the right and duty to work.
(2) The State shall take the necessary measures to raise the standard of living of workers, and to protect workers and the unemployed in order to improve the general conditions of labour, to promote labour, to create suitable economic conditions for prevention of unemployment and to secure labour peace.
Article 50 Working Conditions and Right to Rest and Leisure
(1) No one shall be required to perform work unsuited to his age, sex, and capacity.
(2) Minors, women and persons with physical or mental disabilities, shall enjoy special protection with regard to working conditions.
(3) All workers have the right to rest and leisure.
(4) Rights and conditions relating to paid weekends and holidays, together with paid annual leave, shall be regulated by law.
Article 55 Guarantee of Fair Wage
(1) Wages shall be paid in return for work.
(2) The state shall take the necessary measures to ensure that workers earn a fair wage commensurate with the work they perform and that they enjoy other social benefits.
(3) In determining the minimum wage, the living conditions of the workers and the economic situation of the country shall be taken into account.
Article 77. Offences against humanity
(1) Execution of any one of the following acts systematically under a plan against a sector of a community for political, philosophical, racial orreligious reasons, creates the legal consequence of an offenses against humanity.
c) Torturing, infliction of severe suffering, or forcing a person to live as a slave,
d) To restrict freedom,
h) Forced prostitution
(2) In case of execution of the act mentioned in paragraph (a) of first subsection, the convict is sentenced to heavy imprisonment; in case of commission of offenses listed in other paragraphs, the convict is sentenced to imprisonment not less than eight years. However, if the offense is caused by voluntary manslaughter or intentional injury of a person, then the provisions relating to physical joinder are applied in consideration of number of victims. (3) The court may adjudicate imposition of security precautions upon the legal entities due to such offenses,
(4) These offenses are not subject to statute of limitation.
Article 80. Human Trafficking
(1) Those who recruit, abduct, transport or transfer or harbour persons for the purpose of subjecting to forced labour or service, prostitution, enslavement or for removal of body organs, by getting their consent by means of threat, oppression, coercion or using violence, of abusing influence, of deceit or of abusing their control over or the vulnerabilities of these persons shall be sentenced to imprisonment up to eight to twelve years and a fine corresponding to 10,000 days.
(2) The consent of the victim shall be irrelevant in cases where the acts that constitute a crime are attempted with the intentions described in paragraph 1.
(3) In cases where minors below the age of eighteen are procured, abducted, transported or transferred or harboured with the intentions specified in paragraph one, the penalties foreseen in paragraph 1 shall still be applied to the perpetrator, even when no intermediary actions relating to the crime are committed.
(4) Legal entities shall also be subject to security measures for such crimes.
Article 117. Violation of freedom of work and labour
(1) Any person who violates freedom of work and labor by using violence or threat or performing an act contrary to the law, is sentenced to imprisonment from six months to two years and imposition of punitive fine upon complaint of the victim.
(2) Any person who employs helpless, homeless and dependent person (s) without payment or with a low wage incomparable with the standards or forces him to work and live inhumanly conditions, is sentenced to imprisonment from six months to three years or imposed punitive fine not less than hundred days.
(3) The same punishment is imposed also to a person who provides or transfers a person from one place to another to have him live and work under the above mentioned conditions.
(4) Any person who unlawfully increases or decreases the wages, or forces employees to work under the conditions different than that of agreed in the contract, or causes suspension, termination or re-start of the works, is sentenced to imprisonment from six months to three years.
Article 227. Prostitution
(1) Any person who encourages a child to become a prostitute, or facilitates prostitution, or shelters a person for this purpose, or acts as go-between during prostitution of the child, is punished with imprisonmentfrom four years to ten years, and also imposed punitive fine up to ten thousand days.
(2) Any person who encourages another person to become a prostitute, or facilitates prostitution, or acts as gobetween or provides place for such purpose is punished with imprisonment from two years up to four years, and also imposed punitive fine up to three thousand days. Any act aimed to benefit from the income of a person engaged in prostitution to earn one’s living, totally or partially, is considered encouragement of prostitution.
(3) Any person who brings people into the country, or sends groups to abroad for prostitution purposes is punished according to the provisions of above subsection.
(4) The punishment to be imposed according to above subsections is doubled in case a person is encouraged to become a prostitute by use of threat or force, or malice, or taking advantage of one’s helplessness.
(5) The punishment to be imposed by one half in case of commission of offenses listed in the above subsections by any one of the spouses, antecedents, descendants, brother/sister, adopter, guardian, trainer, educator, nurse or any other person responsible for protection and control of a person, or by a public officer or employee by due influence.
(6) The punishment to be imposed according to above subsections is increased by one half in case of commission of these offenses within the frame of activities of an organized criminal group.
(7) Security precautions specific to legal entities are imposed in case of commission of these offenses by organizations in the statute of legal entity.
(8) Any person who involves in prostitution is subject to treatment or therapy.
Article 99. Violation of general provisions
The employer or his representative who;
a) acts in violation of the principles and obligation foreseen in Articles 5 and 7 of this Act,
b) does not give the employee the document mentioned in the last paragraph of Article 8, acts in violation of the provisions of Article 14, and
c) violates the obligation to arrange a work certificate in accordance with Article 28 or writes incorrect information on this certificate, shall be liable to a fine of fifty million liras for each employee in this category.