Personal liberty is guaranteed to all citizens. A person may not be arrested, searched, detained or imprisoned except in accordance with the provisions of the law.
A person may not be subjected to torture or to degrading treatment.
Freedom of movement and residence is guaranteed to the citizens as provided in law.
A citizen is free to choose his work, profession or trade as provided in law and subject to the governing legislation.
A person may not be subjected to forced labor except in such cases as may be provided in law and provided that such person is compensated for such labor.
A person may not be enslaved.
This law shall apply to any one who is found in the State, after being involved abroad as a principal offender or an accomplice in an act of sabotage or impairment of international communication systems, crimes of traffic in drugs, women, or children, slavery, acts of piracy or international terrorism.
Whoever smuggles someone into or out of the country with the intention of taking possession of him or disposing of him, and whoever possesses, buys, sells, offers for sale, or disposes in any manner whatsoever of a person as a slave, shall be punished by term imprisonment.
Whoever compels a person to work with or without pay in order to serve a special interest in other than legally permissible cases shall be punished by imprisonment for a period not exceeding one year, by a fine not exceeding ten thousand Dirhams, or by one of these two penalties.
Article 1. Definitions
The following words and phrases shall have the meanings indicated alongside, unless otherwise provided for in the context:
Human Trafficking: The recruitment, transportation, transfer or receipt of persons by means of threat or force or other forms of coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or abuse of a position of vulnerability, or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits in order to gain the consent of a person having control over another person for the purpose of exploitation.
Exploitation: Exploitation shall include all forms of sexual exploitation, exploitation of the prostitution of others, forced labor or services, slavery or similar practices to slavery, servitude or removal of organs.
Article 2. Punishments
Temporary confinement shall be sentenced onto those committing the crime of human trafficking stipulated in Article "1" of this law, for a period of not less than five years.
The sentence of life in prison shall be passed for any of the following:
1) If the perpetrator has organized, planned or operated an organized criminal group, or assumed leadership or called for others to join the group.
2) If the victim is a female, child or handicapped.
3) If the crime is committed by way of fraud or use of force or threat of lives or grave
injury or physical or mental torture.
4) If the act is committed by two or more persons or by an armed person.
5) If the perpetrator is a member of an organized criminal group or had participated in acts committed by this group with knowledge of its purposes.
6) If the perpetrator is a victim's spouse, relative, sibling or guardian or someone having authority over.
7) If the perpetrator is a public official or assigned to carry out public service.
8) If the crime is of a Transnational nature.
Imprisonment for a period of not less than one year, not exceeding five, in addition to a penalty of not less than Five Thousand Dirhams, not exceeding Twenty Thousand Dirhams or either of the above mentioned penalties, shall be imposed on anyone who has knowledge of an attempt to commit any of the crimes stipulated in this law, and not notifying the competent authorities. Pardoning of punishment of this penalty may be possible if the person refraining from reporting the crime was a spouse to the perpetrator, a relative or sibling.
1) Punishment for the attempt to commit crimes stated in this law, shall be the same punishment imposed for the commission of the crimes.
2) It shall be considered an actor anyone who commits crimes stated in Articles 2, 4, 5 and 6 of this law by those participating in the crime in their capacity as direct accomplices, causers or participants with the knowledge of transporting or harboring persons victimized by any of the human trafficking crimes or the withholding of related documents as a means of exercising coercion upon them.