1.Every one shall enjoy inviolability of the person and the legal protection of his or her life, health, honor and dignity; and is protected against torture, harassment and coercion, and any form of violation of his or her life and health, and offence of honor and dignity.
The citizen shall enjoy freedom of movement and of residence within the country; and can freely travel abroad and return home from abroad. The exercise of these rights shall be provided by the law.
1.Male and female have the right to marry and divorce. Marriage shall conform to the principles of free consent, progressive union, monogamy and equality between husband and wife, and mutual respect.
2.The State protects marriage and family, and protects interests of mothers and children.
Note: Vietnam’s 2012 anti-trafficking law expanded Articles 119 and 120 of the country’s penal code to specifically define and prohibit sex and labor trafficking
Article 119. Human trafficking
A) For the purpose of prostitution;
C) Being professional;
D) to remove the victim's body parts;
E) To be taken abroad;
E) For many;
G) Committing multiple offenses;
3. The offenders may also be subject to a fine of between five million dong and fifty million dong, probation or residence ban for one to five years.
Article 119.-Trafficking in humans
Article 119. Trafficking in humans
a/ For prostitution purposes;
b/ In an organized manner;
c/ In a professional manner;
d/ For taking victims" bodily organs;
e/ For bringing abroad;
f/ Trafficking in more than one person;
g/ Committing the crime more than once.
Article 120.-Trading in, fraudulently exchanging or appropriating children
a/ In an organized manner;
b/ In a professional manner;
c/ For a despicable motive;
d/ Against more than one child;
e/ For taking victims' bodily organs;
f/ For bringing abroad;
g/ For inhuman purposes;
h/ For prostitution purposes;
i/ Dangerous recidivism;
j/ Causing serious consequences.
Article 128. Illegally forcing laborers, public employees to leave their jobs
Those who, for their own benefits or other personal motivation, illegally force laborers, public employees to leave their jobs, causing serious consequences shall be subject to warning, non-custodial reform for up to one year or a prison term of between three months and one year.
(1) All persons shall have the right to work, the right to freely choose an employment and occupation, to learn a trade, and to improve professional skills without any discrimination in respect of sex, race, social class, creed or religion.
(2) Maltreatment of workers and the use of forced labour in any form shall be prohibited.
(3) Every activity that generates employment, constitutes self-employment, and teaches or involves the learning of a trade for employment, and every production or business activity that absorbs abundant labour shall receive encouragement, favourable treatment and assistance from the State
Article 2. Interpretation of terms
In this Law, the terms below are construed as follows:
Article 3. Prohibited Acts
LAW ON THE PREVENTION OF AND COMBAT AGAINST HUMAN TRAFFICKING 2011 (PDF)